This paper conducts a critical analysis of Qatar’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement (PA) as submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat on November 19, 2015. Under its first NDCs, Qatar submitted a set of voluntary national actions and plans for economic diversification with mitigation co-benefits. This paper provides a brief background on the concepts of economic diversification and mitigation co-benefits, highlighting the roots of mitigation co-benefits as proposed by a unified Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) during the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 18) held in Doha in 2012. Ironically, the blockade currently imposed by Bahrain, the UAE, and KSA, closing Qatar’s sea, land and air borders have raised new challenges for Qatar that require a re-examination of Qatar’s NDCs.
The paper proposes that Qatar’s NDCs could be improved by examining Qatar’s national policies with specific regard to the impact of the blockade on Qatar’s NDC commitments and the new challenges faced by the country. Qatar’s NDC also ought to consider adding provisions dealing with food production and food waste, green building construction, and reducing carbon emissions per capita. Additionally, Qatar should consider adding specific adaptation commitments and economic incentives covering energy use, green energy investment, and electricity generation.
The paper ends with a proposal for Qatar’s second submission of its NDCs to the UNFCCC
The full report can be read here.
* Image Credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_United_Nations_Climate_Change_Conference