Executive Summary

(Summary of a project undertaken for Trade Law Bureau, Government of Canada)*

(Full report can be read here)**

The seventy years following the establishment of the multilateral trading regime with the GATT 1947 have seen very few invocations of national...

Summary of Issue Statements and Brief Answers

(The full memo can be found here) *

1. Would a multilateral investment court’s (MIC) awards be enforceable using the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) Convention?

Brief Answer: No, under th...

Reform Options – Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Bilateral Investment Treaties

Executive Summary

1. Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a potential candidate country looking to accede to the European Union (EU). In May 2018, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled i...

Executive Summary

Introduction

Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) have proliferated dramatically as one of the main instruments to shield foreign investments. However, their operation has generated discontent in a number of States (including least developed countries,...

This memorandum has been prepared in the context of the United Kingdom (UK) providing notice to withdraw from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the implications of this on the provisional application of the EU – Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agree...

This memorandum addresses the notion of consent to international investment arbitration and the possibility of the termination of such consent either by virtue of withdrawal from ICSID Convention or BITs. Through a detailed analysis of Articles 71 and 72 of the ICSID C...

This memorandum addresses two questions. The first is, based on the provisions of the agreement reached at the Copenhagen summit, what would be the legal implications under WTO law, if a signatory state imposes trade measures to persuade a non-signatory state to adhere...

This is a short public summary of a paper produced for the University of Barcelona’s international economic law clinic. The full paper develops a legal analysis on the international legal consequences of possible irregularities in the adherence of a country (“X”) to th...

Though deployed successfully in restoring markets after the 2008 Financial Crisis, recent unconventional monetary measures have generated spillovers. The prospect of their retraction (i.e receding liquidity) engenders further adverse spillovers. It is in containing suc...

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