Executive Summary

(Full report can be read here)

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This Memorandum analyses from an empirical perspective the prevalence of submissions made by Non-Disputing State Parties (“NDSPs”) and their influence on arbitral awards in Investor-State arbitration under...

This guide provides an overview of third party submissions at the World Trade Organization (WTO). It explains: what is a third party; who qualifies as a third party to a dispute; what are the benefits of participating as a third party; enhanced third party rights; and,...

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