Executive Summary

(Full report can be read here)**

Transparency is crucial to all aspects of the WTO. It aids the administration of WTO agreements and disputes settlement, allows agenda setting for negotiation for new disciplines, and fosters trust between WTO Members b...

Executive Summary *

Since 2001, the World Trade Organization (WTO) has been developing rules to prohibit certain subsidies toward fishing operators. Fisheries subsidies accelerate fish stock depletion, causing both economic and environmental harm to countries that rely...

 (Image Source: National Geographic)

Executive Summary

Suriname and Guyana host some of the most pristine rainforests in the world and are rich in biodiversity. Both countries are covered to over 75 percent in rainforest, which is home to thousands of different species o...

The Buenos Aires Ministerial Decision of 13 December 2017 on Fisheries Subsidies (the BA Ministerial Decision) marks more than 20 years since the issue of subsidies to fisheries was raised at the World Trade Organization (WTO), originally under the auspices of Committe...

This paper set out analysis and recommendations directed at defining the notions that are key to the ongoing negotiations on fisheries subsidies. It evaluates how these definitions or elements apply within the context of subsidy disciplines.

Authors: Irina Chicu, Juan...

This memorandum analyzes climate change legislation of the EU and the US and found that they contain provisions that may constitute subsidies and be challenged as the WTO under the SCM Agreement, specifically provisions regarding emission allowances and rebate programs...

Executive Summary

Public procurement for green innovation refers to tailoring public procurement policies in such a way as to promote green innovation within the wider economy. This study considers the nature of these policies, their legal limits, best practices, and ho...

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