Executive Summary

(The full memo can be read here)

Under the current system of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), many International Investment Agreements (IIAs) allow foreign investors to file arbitration claims against states. Under these proceedings, foreign n...

Short Summary of a Confidential project for an International Government Organization

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the primary proposals emanating from Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) concerning the reform of the WTO t...

Executive Summary

On June 5, 2017, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt (“blockading countries”) imposed a land, air and sea blockade against Qatar. Two weeks into the blockade, the blockading countries issued a list of demands th...

 (Image Courtesy: Government of Canada website)

Executive Summary

This  memorandum  explores  the  viability  of  making  use  of  third-party  secretariat institutions  to  administer  state-to-state  disputes  under Canada’s  free  trade agreements (“FTAs”) in order to...

 (Image Source: National Geographic)

Executive Summary

Suriname and Guyana host some of the most pristine rainforests in the world and are rich in biodiversity. Both countries are covered to over 75 percent in rainforest, which is home to thousands of different species o...

Introduction

The International Institute for Sustainable Development (‘IISD’), the Canadian Environmental Law Association (‘CELA’) and Ecojustice Canada (‘Ecojustice’) hereby submit the following amicus curiae brief in the matter Canada — Certain Measures Affecting...

This memorandum provides guidance on the type of dispute settlement mechanism that best serves the interests of the Pacific Island Countries (“PICs”) in the PACER Plus negotiations. This mechanism must be efficient, cost-effective, and inspire confidence in potential i...

This memorandum addresses two questions. The first is, based on the provisions of the agreement reached at the Copenhagen summit, what would be the legal implications under WTO law, if a signatory state imposes trade measures to persuade a non-signatory state to adhere...

Memorandum to Mr. Jorge A. Huerta Goldman, Permanent Mission of Mexico to the WTO 

Executive Summary

This memorandum addresses the question of whether and how the panel or the Appellate Body (hereinafter, the “Panel”) in US — Tuna II could address a possible defence of t...

As the world economy becomes more integrated, more complex Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) have emerged. A FTA is an arrangement in which states agree to give each other mutual preferential treatment, with regard to the trade of goods and services originating in their ter...

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