Executive Summary

(Summary of a project undertaken for Trade Law Bureau, Government of Canada)*

(Full report can be read here)**

The seventy years following the establishment of the multilateral trading regime with the GATT 1947 have seen very few invocations of national...

Short Summary of a Confidential project for an International Government Organization

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the primary proposals emanating from Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) concerning the reform of the WTO t...

Executive Summary

(The full report can be read here). 

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) have long been used as a way of government intervention in economic development. To achieve better economic and social results, SOEs may be used to solve employment problems, to cure ma...

Executive Summary

On June 5, 2017, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt (“blockading countries”) imposed a land, air and sea blockade against Qatar. Two weeks into the blockade, the blockading countries issued a list of demands th...

Memorandum issued to the Permanent Mission of Canada 

Executive Summary

This memorandum deals with the question of how to calculate nullification or impairment (N/I) in retaliation as contained in the understanding on rules and procedures governing the settlement of disp...

Executive Summary

In order to offer a comprehensive analysis of transparency and public participation in the WTO dispute settlement system, this memorandum first considers the first participatory practice throughout the various steps of the dispute settlement process. S...

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