Executive Summary

(Full Report available here)

Following recent developments in EU law concerning the validity of international investment agreements (IIAs) between the EU Member States, and primarily following the Court of Justice of the European Union’s (CJEU) recent r...

Executive Summary

(The full report can be found here)*


Determine what provisions are likely to be included in the Investment Chapter of a Canada-UK Preferential Trade Agreement, assuming the UK proceeds with Brexit.


We examined the political and contex...

Summary of Issue Statements and Brief Answers

(The full memo can be found here) *

1. Would a multilateral investment court’s (MIC) awards be enforceable using the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) Convention?

Brief Answer: No, under th...

 (Image Courtesy: Government of Canada website)

Executive Summary

This  memorandum  explores  the  viability  of  making  use  of  third-party  secretariat institutions  to  administer  state-to-state  disputes  under Canada’s  free  trade agreements (“FTAs”) in order to...

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