A memorandum presented to Mrs. Vera Thorstensen, Getúlio Vargas Foundation 

Executive Summary

This memorandum is the result of a request submitted by the Center on Global Trade and Investment of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV) in Brazil in the framework of the Trade...

Submitted to the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and Other International Organizations in Geneva

Executive Summary

This memorandum addresses the relationship between Article XXIV of the GATT 1994, which governs the implementation...

Introduction

The International Institute for Sustainable Development (‘IISD’), the Canadian Environmental Law Association (‘CELA’) and Ecojustice Canada (‘Ecojustice’) hereby submit the following amicus curiae brief in the matter Canada — Certain Measures Affecting...

Executive Summary

This research paper analyses the current problem of frequent resort to trade remedies for environmental goods and makes recommendations to resolve this problem. Specifically it tries to examine the issue, whether the imposition of trade remedies (that...

This memorandum examines the shift of competence on FDI to the EU. With a focus on the long term developments of EU IIAs, the analysis contains five core parts. First, it address the inclusion of FDI in the Common Commercial Policy, its definition, and the context. Sec...

Memorandum to UNCTAD 

Executive Summary

This is an abstract of a Memorandum to UNCTAD by Bahakal Yimer, Nicolas Cisneros, Laura Bisiani, Rahul Donde. The full work can be downloaded in pdf format here. 

This memorandum is the outcome of the research topic submitted by the...

This memorandum examines interpretation of Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) treatment standard for substantive protection in the context of international investment law.

Executive Summary


1. This memorandum examines interpretation of Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) treatment stand...

This Memorandum focuses on improving the limitations of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism through development of the remedy of monetary compensation into the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU).

Executive Summary

This Memorandum focuses...

This memorandum analyzes the coverage of export taxes in the GATT and WTO regime. While export taxes are not directly regulated under WTO law, they could potentially be challenged under several provisions. GATT Article II:1(b) enables a contracting party to challenge a...

This memorandum investigates to what extent obligations undertaken by States under International Conventions for the Protection of Cultural Rights and the Environment constitute a limitation to investor’s rights under bilateral or multilateral investment treaties and i...

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